New research from scientists at the APC Microbiome Ireland SFI Research Centre in University College Cork has found that fibre could be key to ensuring proper brain function during middle age.
Many physiological changes take place during middle-age, including brain function, but it's unclear what causes these changes. Scientists at University College Cork (UCC) have found that changing gut bacteria through a fibre-rich diet could help to reduce inflammation in the brain, which could have a positive influence brain ageing an function.
Gut bacteria have been shown to play a key role in regulating brain function, especially where emotional behaviour is concerned. Prebiotics, which are non-digestible fibres that promote the growth of beneficial bacteria in the intestines, are extremely important in regulating gut microbes. Inulin is one such prebiotic found in a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, and herbs, including wheat, onions, bananas, leeks, artichokes, asparagus and chicory, that could be the key to keeping our brains healthy as we grow older.
Speaking about this new research, Professor Cryan said that many previous studies had only focused on the effects in the elderly, as opposed to prevention.
“We wanted to see whether an inulin enriched diet that can modulate the composition of the microbes in the gut could also improve brain health and wellbeing. The community of microbes in the gut changes with ageing. Many studies in ageing focus on very old animals and this may be too late to reverse the age-associated changes. We chose middle age in the hope that we could promote healthy ageing”
This new research, according to the scientists behind it, could mean that a diet supplemented with prebiotics could reverse the effects of ageing in middle-aged brains. This conclusion was reached after the scientists noticed that middle-aged mice had shown improved hippocampus function, which is the region of the brain that regulates learning and memory. This improvement is hypothesised to have occurred as the prebiotics in a fibre-rich diet reversed activation of microglia, which are immune cells that play a key role in neuropsychological and neurodegenerative conditions. This new research suggests that prebiotic dietary fibres could be developed as a strategy to promote healthy ageing by protecting brain function.
For more information about this research, head to leading journal Molecular Research, which published the finding from this study, which was undertaken by Professor John F. Cryan, Professor Ted Dinan, Dr. Harriet Schellekens and Dr. Marcus Boehme.